Jacob Lund-Hansen, Application Engineer, Bossard Denmark
"How to ensure uniform friction for increased safety and quality"
When it comes to pump production, one of our clients is a world leader. They sell millions of pumps every year. A few years ago there was a problem with a small fraction of these. A portion of oiled screws broke during the installation at the assembly line and I received a phone call.
Not the screws were the problem
I packed my things to visit our customer’s production site for a first-hand evaluation. For the engineers, it was clear that the screws were the problem. Fortunately, however, Bossard has the test equipment to check breaking torque and other mechanical fastener properties. It turned out that the screws were not the problem. Rather some of the mating threads in the pump-housings were not correct and suitable for a flawless installation of the screw. The reason for this was that the castiron pumps were coated for a corrosion-protection with a special paint and that the screw holes were not sealed when the housing was painted. So occasionally paint got into the nut-threads – this has been known to lead to increased friction. When friction between the screw and nut-thread increases, that leads to a twisting of the screw. If the stresses get too high during installation, then the screw can break.
Uniform, low friction-coefficient for consistent quality
The first thing I did was to propose sealing off the screw holes before coating. However, the engineers dismissed this suggestion as being too expensive with millions of screw holes. In addition, the question was raised why some screws broke while others didn’t. Although the screws were all supposed to be oiled, I learned that the screws were oiled differently because the liquefied oil collected at the bottom of the screw bins. Consequently, the screws in the bottom of the screw-bin were well lubricated with oil while the upper ones weren’t – and those were the ones that broke. This detail provided the key to solving the problem. We needed screws with a uniform, low friction-coefficient.
Bossard had launched its ecosyn®-lubric coating just a year prior. This coating is an anti-friction coating, which lowers the friction during installation, but this coating is baked onto the fasteners and is therefore dry. So, all fasteners in the screw-bin are well lubricated in comparison to a liquefied lubricant.
The client-test with this coating was positive – not one screw fractured. Another, decisive factor was that our ecosyn®-lubric coating is extremely durable against wear and tear. The client had previously had negative experiences when testing screws with a dry coating, because coating residues had to be removed from the automatic assembly system up to three times a week, which resulted in production shut-downs. The screws with our ecosyn®-lubric coating, on the other hand, need only one cleaning per week.
Today, Bossard provides the pump manufacturer with 2.5 million screws with ecosyn®-lubric coating. And that might well be only the start. The client is said to be so pleased with the results that he wants to use pre-coated ecosyn®-lubric screws in applications at other plants.